Gum Disease: Causes, Signs, and Prevention

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an inflammatory condition that affects the soft and hard structures in the mouth that support the teeth. Nearly half of all adults aged 30 or older show signs of gum disease, according to the CDC, and about nine percent of adults are afflicted with severe gum disease.

While it is very common, it’s also preventable. If you have been diagnosed with gum disease, it’s important to understand the causes, and signs that indicate the progression of the disease, and how to prevent periodontal disease in the future.

What Causes Gum Disease?

The primary cause is dental plaque buildup. Plaque contains many different types of bacteria, some of which are harmful and can cause an infection to develop in the gums. Gum disease is more common in individuals who have poor oral hygiene. However, genetics can also affect how a person’s immune system responds to bacteria.

Some people are more likely to develop gum disease. Common risk factors include:

  • Heart disease
  • Diabetes
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Smoking or tobacco use
  • Hormonal changes, such as puberty, pregnancy, and menopause
  • Genetics
  • Stress
  • Autoimmune diseases, such as scleroderma, lupus, or Crohn’s disease

What are the Common Symptoms of Gum Disease?

When gum disease first develops, you may not experience any symptoms. However, as the disease progresses, it’s common to develop subtle to severe symptoms that indicate that something is amiss in your mouth. If you suspect that you may have gum disease, contact your dentist in Clermont for an exam and a proper diagnosis.

Common symptoms of gum disease include:

  • Sensitive teeth
  • Gums that are red, swollen, and tender
  • Change in how your teeth fit together when you bite
  • Pain when chewing
  • Gums that bleed when you brush your teeth
  • Chronic bad breath that doesn’t go away when you brush
  • Gums that have pulled away from your teeth
  • Partial dentures that no longer fit
  • Loose teeth
  • Pus between the gums and teeth

How Can I Prevent Gum Disease?

Prevention of gum disease ultimately comes down to maintaining good, daily oral hygiene habits. Preventing tooth decay is much easier than reversing it once you already have an established infection.

Some effective ways to prevent gum disease include:

  1. Brush Thoroughly at Least Twice a Day

Brushing your teeth removes plaque, harmful bacteria, and food particles from the mouth. When brushing, spend at least two full minutes gently scrubbing at all surfaces, including the fronts and backs of your teeth and along the gum line.

  1. Floss to Clean Hard-to-Reach Places

It can be difficult to reach all the small nooks and crannies in your mouth with a toothbrush alone. That is why local dentists recommend flossing after brushing. Flossing between teeth and along the gum line can help remove stubborn plaque and prevent oral health conditions.

  1. Swish with an Alcohol-Free Mouthwash

After brushing and flossing, rinse the mouth with mouthwash to help dislodge any food particles still lingering in your mouth. Mouthwash is also a great option for freshening breath. Choose an alcohol-free variety to prevent drying out the tissues in the mouth. In addition, consider a mouthwash that contains fluoride to help strengthen your teeth.

  1. Visit Your Dentist Every Six Months

Professional dental cleanings approximately every six months are critical to maintain good oral health and ward off dental decay and gum disease. During a routine cleaning, your dental hygienist will remove plaque and tartar. They will also perform a physical exam to check for signs of disease, and possibly take X-rays to get a better look at the health of your teeth.

Schedule a Consultation with Our Dentist in Clermont FL

The impact of gum disease is not just limited to your mouth. The bacteria responsible for periodontitis can enter the bloodstream through gum tissue, potentially affecting the rest of the body. At Hancock Village Dental, we offer a range of preventative dentistry services to help patients maintain good oral health and overall wellness. To schedule your next cleaning or to learn more about our services, contact our Clermont dental office at 352-989-5815.

Hancock Village Dental

2560 E, State Rte 50

Suite 103

Clermont, FL 34711


Since moving to Florida 18 months ago, I’ve been searching for a dentist office that makes me feel like they actually care about me and want what’s best for my health. Well, I found it!!! Hancock Village Dentistry in Clermont is the friendliest most caring office I’ve ever had the pleasure of going to. From the receptionists to the doctors, everyone was so kind and congenial. They go the extra mile to give you explanations, great care (pain free) and are honest about prices. I could not be happier with our decision! The office is beautiful and efficient and the people are even better!!

Dawn Sharp | Clermont, Florida

Hands down the best dental office I have ever visited. Every member of their staff go above and beyond to ensure that you as a patient are taken care of and the level of service is unbelievable. Dr. Kasem and Dr. Nguyen are the absolute best. Thanks for always taking care of my family!

Michael Hinkle | Clermont, Florida

In summary, my visit to their office was the most comforting dental experience I’ve ever had. Dr. Kasem and Dr. Nguyen are exceptional professionals who prioritize patient well-being. I highly recommend their services to anyone seeking quality dental care. Thank you, Dr. Kasem, Dr. Nguyen, and the entire staff for making my visit memorable!

Mark Lanham | Clermont, Florida

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